Electronic waste @ e-waste is a term which refers to unusable, discarded and old, electric & electronic appliances such as refrigerators, LED/LCD/CTV, microwave oven, washing machines, home air conditioner etc. As per E waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2016 e-waste 'e-waste' means electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part discarded as waste by the consumer or bulk consumer as well as rejects from manufacturing, refurbishment and repair processes
E-waste has been categorized into three main categories, i.e., Consumer Electronics/home appliances and IT & Telecom. Refrigerators, washing machines, home air conditioner LED/LCD etc. represents Consumer Electronics/home appliances. On the other hand computers, desktop, laptop mobile phones etc. and its component represent Telecom & IT.
E-waste broadly covers waste from all electronic and electrical appliances and contains different hazardous materials which are harmful to human health and the environment if not disposed of carefully. While some naturally occurring substances are harmless in nature, their use in the manufacture of electronic equipment often results in compounds which are hazardous for example chromium becomes chromium VI. Thus Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Govt. of India had listed issued directions for reduction in the use of hazardous substances in the manufacture of electrical and electronic equipment and their components or consumables or parts or spares.
The Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Govt. of India in furtherance of its effort to reduce the hazard occurring from rapid growth in the Consumer durable and IT-Telecom market had made rules called as E Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2016 under Environment Protection Act.